Fenomenološke i etiološke dimenzije katastrofa izazvanih zemljotresom

Phenomenological and etiological dimensions of earthquake disasters

Authors

  • Jelena Planić Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management, Dimitrija Tucovića 121, Belgrade, Serbia;International Institute for Disaster Research, Dimitrija Tucovića 121, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Vladimir Cvetković Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet bezbednosti, Gospodara Vučića 50, Beograd; Naučno-stručno društvo za upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama, Beograd; Međunarodni institut za istraživanje katastrofa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3450-0658

Keywords:

prirodne katastrofe, zemljotres, pripremljenost, posledice

Abstract

Prirodne katastrofe su postale deo svakodnevnog života savremenog čoveka, i njihove pojave su sve učestalije i intenzivnije zbog klimatskih promena. Zemljotresi zbog svoje nepredvidivosti predstavljaju jednu od najstrašnijih i najskupljih prirodnih katastrofa. Autori u ovom radu, koristeći pregled literature, predstavljaju osnovne karakteristike zemljotresa kao prirodnih katastrofa, kao i značaj pripremljenosti u odgovoru na prirodne katastrofe. Prikazani su osnovni elementi zemljotresa, klasifikacija, skale za merenje jačine zemljotresa i posledice koje izazivaju zemljotresi. S obzirom na to da pripremljenost za katastrofe na nivou pojedinca, zajednice i društva predstavlja efikasno oruđe u smanjenju rizika od katastrofa i ublažavanju njihovih posledica, u  radu je posebna pažnja posvećena načinima poboljšanja pripremljenosti. Korišćenjem brojnih naučnih radova, prikazana su iskustva mnogih država čije primere je potrebno pratiti kako bi se na pravilan način osmislile i implementirale strategije ublažavanja posledica prirodnih katastrofa, i programi edukacije građana.

Natural disasters have become a part of the everyday life of modern man, and their occurrences are more frequent and intense due to climate change. Due to their unpredictability, earthquakes are one of the most terrible and expensive natural disasters. The authors in this paper, using a review of the literature, present the basic characteristics of earthquakes as natural disasters, as well as the importance of preparedness in response to natural disasters. The basic elements of earthquakes, classification, scales for measuring the strength of earthquakes, and the consequences caused by earthquakes are presented. Given that disaster preparedness at the level of the individual, community and society is an effective tool in reducing the risk of disasters and mitigating their consequences, this paper pays special attention to methods that improve preparedness. Using numerous scientific papers, the experiences of many countries are presented, whose examples need to be followed in order to properly design and implement strategies for mitigating the consequences of natural disasters, and education programs for citizens.

Author Biography

Vladimir Cvetković, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet bezbednosti, Gospodara Vučića 50, Beograd; Naučno-stručno društvo za upravljanje rizicima u vanrednim situacijama, Beograd; Međunarodni institut za istraživanje katastrofa

Realizovao je veći broj nacionalnih i međunarodnih naučnih istraživanja i objavio je više od 250 naučnih radova u domaćim i međunarodnim časopisima, zbornicima, 2 udžbenika, 20 naučnih monografija, 2 praktikuma, zbirku propisa, 14 radova u časopisima na SCI/SSCI listi i doktorsku disertaciju. Kvantifikacijom naučnih rezultata, dr Vladimir M. Cvetković ostvario je više od 598 naučnih poena. Uža oblast istraživačkih interesovanja jesu bezbednost, katastrofe, vanredne situacije, prirodne i antropogene opasnosti, upravljanje rizicima, civilna zaštita. Služi se engleskim i nemačkim jezikom. Doktorirao je na Fakultetu bezbednosti Univerzitetu u Beogradu, na temu ,,Spremnost građana za reagovanje na prirodnu katastrofu izazvanu poplavom u Republici Srbiji“ (2016) čime je stekao akademsko zvanje doktor nauka – nauke bezbednosti. Na Kriminalističko-policijskoj akademiji u Beogradu odbranio je master rad 2012. godine i diplomirao je 2010. godine kao student generacije sa prosečnom ocenom 10.00 (prvi polaznik u istoriji sa spomenutim ostvarenim prosekom), čime je stekao zvanje diplomirani kriminalista.

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Published

2022-02-17

How to Cite

Planić, J. ., & Cvetković, V. (2022). Fenomenološke i etiološke dimenzije katastrofa izazvanih zemljotresom: Phenomenological and etiological dimensions of earthquake disasters. Zbornik Radova Naučno-stručnog društva Za Upravljanje Rizicima U Vanrednim Situacijama I Međunarodnog Instituta Za istraživanje Katastrofa (Collection of Papers, Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management and International Institute for Disaster Research, 140–156. Retrieved from https://zbornik.upravljanje-rizicima.edu.rs/index.php/d/article/view/34