FENOMENOLOŠKE DIMENZIJE I POSLEDICE ZEMLJOTRESA KAO PRIRODNE OPASNOSTI (PHENOMENOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF EARTHQUAKES AS NATURAL HAZARDS)

Authors

  • Goran Grozdanić Goran Grozdanić Filozofski fakultet, Studijski program za geografiju, Danila Bojovića bb, Nikšić, ggoran987@gmail.com

Keywords:

zemljotres, katastrofa, spremnost, otpornost

Abstract

Zemljotresi, kao prirodni fenomeni, izazivaju izazove u preciznoj predikciji, ali analiza seizmoloških podataka omogućava približno određivanje vremenskog okvira za moguću seizmičku aktivnost. Ovi događaji proizlaze iz dinamičnih pokreta tektonskih ploča, što dovodi do oslobađanja značajne količine energije na pogođenom području. Iako je precizna prognoza nemoguća, sagledavanje šireg seizmičkog konteksta omogućava opštu procenu kada bi se novi zemljotres mogao očekivati. Proučavajući posledice zemljotresa, postaje jasno da njihov uticaj prevazilazi trenutne geološke brige. Poremećaji izazvani seizmičkom aktivnošću značajno izazivaju izazove za integritet infrastrukture, posebno kritične infrastrukture. Nastale štete i poremećaji često zahtevaju obimna finansijska ulaganja za rekonstrukciju i obnovu. Dodatno, ljudski bilans, obuhvatajući povrede i gubitke života, zahteva sveobuhvatne strategije za pripremu i odgovor u hitnim situacijama. Razumevanje višeslojnih posledica zemljotresa je od suštinskog značaja za izradu efikasnih politika upravljanja rizicima, obuhvatajući kako kratkoročne mere ublažavanja, tako i dugoročne strategije izgradnje otpornosti. Ovaj pregledni rad istražuje kompleksnost seizmičkih događaja, naglašavajući potrebu za interdisciplinarnom saradnjom i globalnom koordinacijom u razvoju strategija za minimiziranje negativnih efekata zemljotresa.

Earthquakes, as natural phenomena, pose challenges in precise prediction, but the analysis of seismic data allows for a rough determination of the timeframe for possible seismic activity. These events result from the dynamic movements of tectonic plates, leading to the release of a significant amount of energy in the affected area. Although precise forecasting is impossible, an overview of the broader seismic context enables a general assessment of when a new earthquake might be expected. Studying the consequences of earthquakes makes it clear that their impact goes beyond immediate geological concerns. Disruptions caused by seismic activity significantly challenge the integrity of infrastructure, especially critical infrastructure. The resulting damages and disruptions often require substantial financial investments for reconstruction and recovery. Additionally, the human toll, encompassing injuries and loss of life demands comprehensive strategies for emergency preparedness and response. Understanding the layered consequences of earthquakes is crucial for crafting effective risk management policies, encompassing both short-term mitigation measures and long-term resilience-building strategies. This review explores the complexity of seismic events, emphasizing the need for interdisciplinary collaboration and global coordination in developing strategies to minimize the negative effects of earthquakes.

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Published

2024-01-18

How to Cite

Grozdanić, G. . (2024). FENOMENOLOŠKE DIMENZIJE I POSLEDICE ZEMLJOTRESA KAO PRIRODNE OPASNOSTI (PHENOMENOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF EARTHQUAKES AS NATURAL HAZARDS). Zbornik Radova Naučno-stručnog društva Za Upravljanje Rizicima U Vanrednim Situacijama (Collection of Papers, Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management and International Institute for Disaster Research, 3(1), 168–179. Retrieved from https://zbornik.upravljanje-rizicima.edu.rs/index.php/d/article/view/39